Parliament of Norway has approved deeply controversial deep-sea mining

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Environmental organizations are concerned that Norway, which may become the world’s first nation to do so, has decided to start deep-sea mining. The Arctic seabed has been officially opened for exploration, covering an area larger than the United Kingdom—roughly 108,000 square miles—according to the country’s parliament. The decision is made in spite of opposition from politicians, scientists, and environmentalists who worry about possible harm to marine life.

Rich in resources like copper, cobalt, zinc, and gold, which are essential for the green economy and power devices like wind turbines and electric car batteries, the deep ocean is a relatively unexplored ecosystem. Deep-sea mining proponents contend that by removing these materials from the ocean floor, they can accelerate the shift to a low-carbon economy while having less of an adverse effect on the environment than surface mining.

Scientists are concerned about our limited understanding of the world’s oceans, only a small portion of which have been explored by humans. They are concerned about possible effects on ecosystems that are already impacted by trawling, pollution, and the global warming crisis. The targeted region’s deep ocean is home to a variety of marine species, some of which have not yet been identified, which raises concerns about the potential effects of mining operations.

According to the Norwegian government, seabed minerals offer a promising business opportunity, but extraction will only be allowed if the sector can prove that it is sustainable and responsible. Other countries, such as the United Kingdom, have advocated for a moratorium on deep-sea mining and urged caution.

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